Litter training kittens is a big deal. The only cat behaviors that are more aggravating than a kitten that won’t use its litter box are female cat spraying and male cat spraying.
The best way to litter train kittens is to leave them with their mother until they are at least twelve weeks old. Assuming that their mother is litter trained, she will teach them how to use the litter box. But if this is not an option for you, you will have to work much harder to litter train your kittens, but in the end it will be worth it.
Buy a kitten sized litter box. Though a full sized litter box is fine, but it is a lot more work to clean. Next buy a clay-based litter, unless you find that your kitten is eating the litter. Then you might want to consider a different type of litter that won’t harm your kitten if it decides to eat it. Finally get a scooper to clean out the litter.
Position the Litter Box
Find a good place for the litter box. Generally kittens, like people will want a little privacy when they go about their business. Remember to keep the litter box as far away from your kitten’s food dish as possible. Then fill the litter box with two to three inches of litter.
Put any potted plants into a room that your kittens do not have access to. If you don’t do this, your kitten may get distracted and use the pot as a litter box. Your goal is to eliminate all possible alternatives to the litter box, so that you kitten has no choice but to use it.
Get Your Kitten Acquainted with the Litter box
Place your kitten into the litter box and move its paws in a digging motion. Some kittens will instinctively know what to do next, while you may have to repeat this with others a number of times. Thirty minutes after a meal or after playtime, repeat this and eventually your kitten will figure out what to do.
Help Your Kitten Learn From Accidents
If your kittens uses the bathroom anywhere but in the litter box, take it to the scene of the crime and let it sniff around for a bit. Then put it into its litter box and move its paws in a digging motion. This will train it to associate the litter box with going to the bathroom. When your kitten has an accident, never yell at it or it will be more apt to hide from you when it needs to use the bathroom.
Kittens like Clean Bathrooms
Scoop the litter box at least once per day: twice a day is even better. Keep the box very clean as kittens do not like to use dirty litter boxes. Every two weeks you should give the litter box a thorough cleaning. Empty all of the old litter and use a pet cleaner to clean the inside of the box. Then refill it with fresh litter.
If you follow all of these steps you should be able to litter train your kittens in a month or less. Once your kittens are trained as long as you keep their litter box clean they will use it consistently and will rarely have an accident. By the way, if you have an issues with your kittens biting you or other people, see my post called, Stop Cat Biting, for tips on what to do about it. It might be cute when your kitten attacks your hand playfully, but you definitely don’t want this behavior to continue into adulthood.